From God to Newton and The Reconcilation of Science and Theology
Fairly sense that in the particular so-called “Dark Ages” with the medieval Europe, theology predominated in all the area from theocracy to regalia and became the absolute authority from the spiritual world of Western. Science was left no space from the magnificent palace ruled by simply theology and was viewed as heterodoxy. At that time, the conflict in interaction between science and theology was serious, or more precisely, the oppression theology don science was cruel. As an example, Italian philosopher and scientist Bruno on account of his insistence on medical truth was burned with the stake by the Inquisition in Rome in 1600. Great physicist Galileo, for assuming in and publicizing Copernicus’ heliocentricism, was put in prison for life. 1 Underneath the great pressure and from the context of Western Western fanaticism, there was scarcely possibility and space pertaining to science to emerge. As much as 17th and 18th hundreds of years, science began to advance rapidly and defeat theology eventually. God became “master certainly not at home” and Newton became “chamberlaine from the world”. Why did it happen in Europe? The key is to uncover the origins for the particular rise of modern research. To see it, we first investigate Western traditional weltanschauung.
Western traditional weltanschauung is a type of dualism. Toward no make any difference what in nature, morality or religion, Western people often has a dualistic attitude. For example, the classical two-valued logic depending on true or false duality founded by Aristotle continued to utilize today. Moreover, the dualism of mind and body, subject and object, noumenon and also phenomenon, ideal and actuality, collective and individual etc, could easily be found in some places in Western history and also culture. Especially in non secular beliefs and metaphysics, Western people adhered to your dualistic position so obstinately that the transcendent world and real life were departed completely and also heaven and earth ended up separated absolutely. 2 It doesn’t matter in significance or benefit, the former is always beyond the latter. Probing in the origins of the dualistic worldview, we could retrospect to ancient Ancient greek language philosophy (especially metaphysics) and also Christian theology.
Plato’s theory of Forms asserted that the realm of Forms and the realm of things are usually opposed. 3 “The Sorts are those changeless, everlasting, and nonmaterial essences or patterns which the actual visible objects we see are simply poor copies. ”4 Although Aristotle experimented with to overcome Plato’s system with the dualism of Forms and also actual things, he didn’t stop trying the dualistic idea of reality and phenomenon5, electronic. g. the distinction concerning matter and form.
Another component of Western traditional dualistic worldview is Christian theology. It is obvious that the city of God and the city of the world and also faith and reason are resolvedly distinct from the Bible. Christian theology assured that any values and ideals that may not be fulfilled on earth could be achieved in paradise provided that you affirm the existence of God and also believe in God piously. If when compared to the absolute Christian beliefs, any ethical or meaningful value or temporal perfect shows immediately insignificance in itself. For instance, Jesus’ response to the particular questions about paying taxes – “Give therefore to the emperor the things that are the emperor’s, and to God the things that are God’s. ”(Matthew 22: 22) typically represented the particular dualism of Christian theology.
The Christian theological thought above blended with Plato’s theory of Sorts and Aristotle’s metaphysics latter constructed the voluminous program of scholasticism. In higher than a thousand year of the particular medieval ecclesiastic system, the Christian theology was the dominant ideology of Western european.